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2018.02.06

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.29: Japanese diet is inappropriate

In this column series, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Research Director at CIGS introduces the latest information about aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan with data of international comparison.

The reputation that Japanese food is good for your health has spread throughout the world. However, the quality of food in the Japanese diet has declined. First, the proportion of both males and females in their 20s and 30s who skip breakfast is increasing (Table 1). Next, the daily intake of vegetables is decreasing. The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare has set an intake goal of 350 grams per day for vegetables; however, according to a 2016 survey, results show an intake of only 276.8 grams for males and 263.2 grams for females (Figure 1). Finally, Japanese people overdose on salt. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines set 5 grams of salt per day as the proper intake value. The U.S. government has also set 3.8 to 6 grams of salt per day as a guideline for cardiovascular disease prevention. On the contrary, Japanese salt intake per day is as much as 10.7 grams for males and 9.1 grams for females (Figure 2).


Table 1: Absence rate of breakfast (over 20 years old, by gender, by age group)

180206_matsuyama_fig03.png

(Source)Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare


Figure 1: Daily intake of vegetables

180206_matsuyama_fig04.png


Figure 2: Daily intake of salt

180206_matsuyama_fig05.png


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